The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people. The other large city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.
Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age. The Phoenicians established trading posts in western Libya, and Ancient Greek colonists established city-states in eastern Libya. Libya was variously ruled by Persians, Egyptians and Greeks before becoming a part of the Roman Empire. Libya was an early center of Christianity. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of Libya was mostly occupied by the Vandals until the 7th century, when invasions brought Islam and Arab colonization. In the sixteenth century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551. Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1943. During the Second World War Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. The Italian population then went into decline. Libya became an independent kingdom in 1951.
In Greek mythology, Libya, like Ethiopia or Scythia was one of the mythic outlands that encircled the familiar Greek world of the Hellenes and their "foreign" neighbors.
Personified as an individual, Libya was the daughter of Epaphus — King of Egypt and the son of Zeus and Io— and Memphis. Libya was ravished by the god Poseidon to whom she bore twin sons, Belus and Agenor. Some sources name a third son, named Lelex.
In Roman mythology, Libya was the daughter of Epaphus, King of Egypt, and his wife Cassiopeia. She married Neptune, a foreigner of much power whose real name is unknown. Libya and Neptune had a son called Busiris, who became a brutal tyrant of Upper Egypt.
The territory that she ruled, Ancient Libya, and the country of modern day Libya are named after her.
The Latin name Libya (from Greek Λιβύη, Libyē) referred to the region west of the Nile Valley, generally corresponding to modern Northwest Africa. Its people were ancestors of the modern Berber people. Berbers occupied the area for thousands of years before the beginning of human records in Ancient Egypt. Climate changes affected the locations of the settlements.
More narrowly, Libya could also refer to the country immediately west of Egypt, viz. Marmarica (Libya Inferior) and Cyrenaica (Libya Superior). The Libyan Sea or Mare Libycum was the part of the Mediterranean south of Crete, between Cyrene and Alexandria.
The participants referred to the conclusions of the two Berlin Conferences on Libya... The participants urged the Libyan government to mitigate concerns of international human rights and humanitarian organizations regarding access, in particular issues regarding availability of Libyan visas and registering organizations in Libya.
... and within Libya ... A total of 319 visa-related access impediments were reported between January and August 2021. The main cause for this issue lies in the lack of official processes for visas for staff of humanitarian organizations in Libya.
Tunisia and Libya opened their shared border on Friday, two months after it was closed as Tunisia's coronavirus caseload soared ... Libya shut its land border and ... Tunisia is one of a handful of countries that authorises incoming flights from Libya and allows Libyans visa-free entry.
10 (Xinhua) -- Malta and Libya on Friday signed an agreement that will pave the way for the resumption of flight services between the two countries after a seven-year hiatus ... Flights between Malta and Libya were stopped in 2014, when unrests began in the North African country.
An agreement which will see the eventual restarting of flights between Malta and Libya has been signed by the Transport Ministries of the two countries, it was announced on Friday ... Flights between Malta and Libya have been on hold since unrest erupted in the North African country in 2014.
Bureaucratic restrictions on the movement of humanitarian staff and relief items into and within Libya continue to make up the vast majority of reported constraints in the absence of long-term solutions with regards to visas for ...
• The Prime Minister’ office issued a new decree to form a technical committee to regulate the work of international organizations operating in Libya... • Libya discusses with Egypt hospital management, import of health personnel, patient visas and training.
Tripoli, Libya, July 5, 2021 ...Ten years on from Libya’s uprising and descent into civil war, there are many reasons why the global media fails to tell a more holistic story ... Libya made international news in March, when a new interim Government of National Unity took power with a mandate to lead the country towards national elections in December.
... to bureaucratic impediments on movement into and within Libya. The lack of clear and consistent processes for issuance of visas for international staff and registration of humanitarian organizations in Libya continues to hamper operations.
Libya’s stalled detention centre reforms ...UNHCR’s ad hoc standing in Libya makes it difficult for the agency to do everything from obtaining visas for staff to providing cash assistance – even to people who do fall under the agency’s mandate – according to Vincent Cochetel, the UN agency’s special envoy for the CentralMediterranean ... Zintan, Libya.
Libya is the closest market to Egypt... Libya's authorities are working on a new visa system for workers that will be based on skills, said Hamdi Imam of the CairoChamber of Commerce, a move that could see migrants return in large numbers again, generating fresh remittances for Egypt ... Signs of Libya's economic recovery are emerging.